- System-level digital data as a form of education governance
- Data-Driven Decision Making (DDDM)
- Trace data generated from official systems and learning platforms
- Trace data generated routinely in classrooms and school
One of the main conclusions from our DSS project is a very simple one – academic researchers, policy-makers, business interests, tech companies, administrators, school leaders, and teachers are often talking about very distinct and different forms of ‘data’ within schools and school systems.