Liked “When I saw my peers annotating”: Student perceptions of social annotation for learning in multiple courses (

Social annotation (SA) is a genre of learning technology that enables the annotation of digital resources for information sharing, social interaction and knowledge production. This study aims to examine the perceived value of SA as contributing to learning in multiple undergraduate courses.,In total, 59 students in 3 upper-level undergraduate courses at a Canadian university participated in SA-enabled learning activities during the winter 2019 semester. A survey was administered to measure how SA contributed to students’ perceptions of learning and sense of community.,A majority of students reported that SA supported their learning despite differences in course subject, how SA was incorporated and encouraged and how widely SA was used during course activities. While findings of the perceived value of SA as contributing to the course community were mixed, students reported that peer annotations aided comprehension of course content, confirmation of ideas and engagement with diverse perspectives.,Studies about the relationships among SA, learning and student perception should continue to engage learners from multiple courses and from multiple disciplines, with indicators of perception measured using reliable instrumentation.,Researchers and faculty should carefully consider how the technical, instructional and social aspects of SA may be used to enable course-specific, personal and peer-supported learning.,This study found a greater variance in how undergraduate students perceived SA as contributing to the course community. Most students also perceived their own and peer annotations as productively contributing to learning. This study offers a more complete view of social factors that affect how SA is perceived by undergraduate students.

Bookmarked Thread by @mcklann on Thread Reader App (

Thread by @mcklann: I’ve been using @hypothes_is for collaborative annotation of both primary and secondary sources since 2018. It is the best digital pedagogical tool I have encountered. Some things I’ve learned: A……

Mary Klann reflects upon her use of Hypothesis in the classroom as a means of collaborative communication.

The best things about @hypothes_is, according to me:
You hear from more students, more often.
It provides a consistent, flexible platform for student-student interaction AND student-instructor interaction.
It is free and open source.
It is easy to use.
IT IS FUN! Use it!

Replied to Quickly finding Hypothesis annotations on websites (BoffoSocko)

It’s not exactly an implementation of Webmention, but I was interested to find that there’s a tool from that will show you (all?) the annotations (and replies) on your website.

Thank you Chris for the reminder of this. I am pretty sure I have tinkered with it before, but now I have added a link in the menu of my site.

I really want to use Hypothesis more, but until there is an easier workflow I am just going to persist with my mishmash of Diigo and collecting on own site.

Bookmarked Exploring the UX of web-annotations by Tom Critchlow (

So it felt like a good time to take a quick peek at a few common design patterns and think about some ways forward.

Tom Critchlow takes a look at web-annotations, comparing Hypothesis, Genius and Google Docs. Another example of annotations not mentioned is Diigo. I still turn to Diigo, especially when capturing marginalia. Although I then store that in my own space.
Liked Reply to Ian O’Bryne on annotations by Chris AldrichChris Aldrich (BoffoSocko)

Ideally they’d want to have webmentions work in two places. It would be great if they could send webmentions of annotations/highlights to the original page itself, so that the site owner is aware that their content is being marked up or used in this manner.

I am really intrigued by the work going on this space. I think that the addition of webmentions and micropub specifications would be a huge positive.

I really must dig in, as I can see this being a replacement for Diigo, which I have progressively moved away from this year. Although Press Forward might offer some of this functionality too.

Replied to Three examples of annotations, bookmarking, & sharing in my digital commonplace book (W. Ian O’Byrne)

For me, a breakthrough came when I posted a piece about Interviewing my digital domains. Chris Aldrich took the time to use Hypothesis to mark up my post and archive this all here. He then reflected on this use of highlights and marginalia. All of this had me thinking about opportunities to modify my process as detailed up above, to include Hypothesis to mark up and annotate posts, as opposed to just pulling quotes from the piece.

Thanks for sharing this Ian. I prefer Option 3 as it provides more options.
Liked An Outline for Using Hypothesis for Owning your Annotations and Highlights by Chris AldrichChris Aldrich (BoffoSocko)

There are certainly variations of ways for attempting to own one’s own annotations using Hypothesis and syndicating them to one’s website (via a PESOS workflow), but I thought I’d outline the quickest version I’m aware of that requires little to no programming or code, but also allows some relatively pretty results. While some of the portions below are WordPress specific, there’s certainly no reason they couldn’t be implemented for other systems.

Replied to 📑 Highlight of “Interviewing my digital domains” by Chris AldrichChris Aldrich (BoffoSocko)

Typically a highlight wouldn’t include a textual note (like this), otherwise it would be considered marginalia or a general annotation. Perhaps I’ll get around to adding an annotation type shortly as well.

In regards to post kinds, how is a highlight different from a quote?
Replied to Some thoughts on highlights and marginalia with examples by Chris AldrichChris Aldrich (Chris Aldrich | BoffoSocko)

Earlier today I created a read post with some highlights and marginalia related to a post by Ian O’Bryne. In addition to posting it and the data for my own purposes, I’m also did it as a manual test of sorts, particularly since it seemed apropos in reply to Ian’s particular post. I thought I’d take a stab at continuing to refine my work at owning and controlling my own highlights, notes, and annotations on the web. I suspect that being able to better support this will also help to bring more self-publishing and its benefits to the halls of academe.

Thank you so much for writing this post Chris. I was actually going to ask your process and will enjoy reading how you use RSS to curate it. I have always liked the idea of Hypothesis, but felt frustrated by the way that it shows up on my site randomly. I did find an aggregator, but wondered how it could be incorporated within comments like on Medium. This might also be another step for me in leaving Diigo, time will tell.
Liked Annotations are an easy way to Show Your Work (Jon Udell)

Not every source link warrants this treatment. When a citation refers to a specific context in a source, though, it’s really helpful to send the reader directly to that context. It can be time-consuming to follow a set of direct links to see cited passages in context. Why not collapse them into the article from which they are cited? That’s what HypothesisFootnotes does. The scattered contexts defined by a set of Hypothesis direct links are assembled into a package of footnotes within the article. Readers can still visit those contexts, of course, but since time is short and attention is scarce, it’s helpful to collapse them into an included summary.

Liked How to improve Wikipedia citations with Hypothesis direct links (Jon Udell)

Wikipedia aims to be verifiable. Every statement of fact should be supported by a reliable source that the reader can check. Citations in Wikipedia typically refer to online documents accessible at URLs. But with the advent of standard web annotation we can do better. We can add citations to Wikipedia that refer precisely to statements that support Wikipedia articles.

Bookmarked Aggregator ― A WordPress Plugin (Kris Shaffer)

I’ve created a WordPress plugin called Aggregator, which will allow WordPress users ― bloggers, teachers, and students alike ― to collect their own annotations, annotations on a topic of interest, or annotations from/about a class, and present them in a page or post on the WordPress platform. It’s easy to install, easy to use, and (I hope) will be of value to students, scholars, teachers, and writers.

This is an interesting approach to collecting comments and contributions from around the web.