As is usually the case in archaeology, the finds at Chiquihuite Cave provide as many questions as answers, and archaeologists need more evidence to tackle them. Even if we accept the existence of pre-Clovis cultures, are the dates definitive enough to indicate people had been in the Americas that much earlier? Where did the people of Chiquihuite come from, what route did their ancestors follow to northern Mexico, and how are they related to other pre-Clovis people in North America?
Those questions join a long list of others. Archaeologists are still trying to piece together exactly how the cultures at pre-Clovis sites, like Cooper’s Ferry in Idaho and the Gault Site in Texas, are related to the cultures like Clovis, Western Stemmed, and Beringian that emerged around 14,000 years ago. They’re also trying to understand the genetic relationships between the people who made those tools. “In light of these new discoveries, archaeological research into this period should intensify,” wrote Gruhn.
Kiona Smith discusses the discoveries by archaeologists of human remnants in Mexico from 30000. Like the , this throws up a lot of questions and debates.