Discipline–specific literacies (literacies that are specifically needed in a discipline, for example, by an historian or a lawyer, in order for them to work effectively in their fields) have been the focus of much research. Content area specialists build knowledge in their field. They use ‘invisible’ and important literacies that go beyond traditional writing text, spelling, punctuation and other conventional literacies. These include other modes (such as collaboration or demonstration) or semiotics (signs, marks) present in different subject areas.
Georgina Barton, Amélie Lemieux and Jean-Charles Chabanne discuss the place of subject specific vocabulary. It is interesting to this of this alongside discussions of digital literacies and fluency.